By Abigail Carroll. Vegetarian Lifestyle. At Friday, May 03rd 2019, 20:54:39 PM.
The main sources of protein and nutrients for infants are breast milk and formula (soy formula for vegan infants), especially in the first 6 months of life. Breastfed infant vegans should receive a source of vitamin B12 if the mother's diet is not supplemented, and breastfed infants and infants drinking less than 32 ounces (1 liter) formula should get vitamin D supplements. Guidelines for the introduction of solid foods are the same for vegetarian and non-vegetarian infants. Breastfed infants 6 months and older should receive iron from complementary foods, such as iron-fortified infant cereal. Once an infant is introduced to solids, protein-rich vegetarian foods can include pureed tofu, cottage cheese, yogurt or soy yogurt, and pureed and strained legumes (legumes include beans, peas, chickpeas, and lentils).
Once you become comfortable with eating no meat or poultry and regularly having fully vegetarian days, you should start to eliminate fish and seafood from your diet. An easy way to do this is to drop one serving of fish per week. However, you can move more quickly if you make sure to continue eating sources of all essential nutrients. To ensure that you do not simultaneously eliminate some essential fatty and amino acids from your diet, replace fish and seafood with plant sources of these nutrients. You can accomplish this by eating soy products instead of fish and regularly adding flax seeds to your meals.
While some meat‐eaters stereotype the motivations of vegetarians, the truth is the decision to adopt a meat-free diet is a complex, multi-faceted dietary choice. People of all ages and backgrounds are vegetarians. People who follow a vegetarian diet never eat meat, fish or poultry. Instead, they rely on a variety of plant-based foods for good health and eating enjoyment. There are many types of vegetarians. Some eat dairy foods, such as cheese or eggs, while others abstain entirely from any food product that comes from an animal. A lacto-ovo vegetarian, for example, consumes milk and dairy foods, eggs, grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts and seeds, but abstains from meat, fish and poultry. A lacto-vegetarian follows a similar diet, but does not eat eggs. Meanwhile, a vegan stays away from animal-based products entirely, which, in addition to meat, also includes milk and dairy products, lard, gelatin and foods with ingredients from animal sources. Some vegans also do not eat honey.